The area known as Albania today has been populated since prehistoric times.
Albania is a small country with a landmass of 28.748 sq km (about 11.000 sq miles). It is situated in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula in the southeastern part of Europe. It shares borders with Montenegro and Kosovo to the North and Northeast, Macedonia to the East and Greece to the South. To the West, Albania has a coast that adjoins the Adriatic and Ionian Seas. The Adriatic separates it from Italy via the Strait of Otranto (72 km/45 mi).Much of Albania’s surface is mountainous – the average height above sea level is 708 m, (2,336 ft) and its highest peak, Mount Korab on the Macedonian border, is 2.753 m (9,085 ft).
In Albania there are also a number of lakes. The most significant are:
• Lake Shkodra is the largest lake in the Balkans and straddles the border between Albania and Montenegro.
• Lake Ohrid is shared between Albania and Macedonia in the southeastern part of Albania.
• Above Lake Ohrid lies Prespa Lake, which is distinguished by its solitude and beautiful landscapes.
Albania has a Mediterranean climate with each season offering distinct, yet pleasant weather. Some features of the climate vary by region: The coastal areas have a Central Mediterranean climate with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. The alpine areas have a Central Continental climate with cold, snowy winters and temperate summers.
Visiting Albania is an enriching and rewarding experience, and we look forward to introducing you to a new Mediterranean love. That’s why we seek to ensure your stay is as healthy and comfortable as possible.
Albanians have a long tradition of hospitality, and you will find the people of our country quick to respond to any request for assistance.
Driving in Albania presents a unique set of challenges for visitors. Infrastructure development is in full swing since the country’s emergence from communism, but drivers may still find it difficult to navigate our roads. As a result. If you want to see more in a few days hire a local guide and driver prior to your arrival.
|Visa requirements||Visa regime for foreign citizens
1) Can enter Albania without visa:
a) Foreign citizens who have a valid, multiple-entry Schengen visa, which has been previously used in one of the Schengen states, or foreign citizens who have a valid permit of stay in one of the Schengen states;
b) Foreign citizens who have a valid, multiple-entry US or UK visa, which has been previously used in the respective country of issuance, or have valid permit of stay in the US or UK.
2) Can enter without a short-term visa (without a visa Type C) for touristic motives during the period 1 June 2015 – 1 November 2015 citizens of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Belarus, Georgia, Qatar, Oman and Russia;
* All foreign citizens from countries that are not included in the table are required to have a visa before travelling to Albania. They can apply for a visa in the Albanian embassy that is geographically closest to their country of origin or residency.
|Currency used||ALL Albanian Lek|
|Area (km2)||28.748 km2|